- Julia Hasdeu during her study period in Paris
- Julia Hasdeu at the age of five
- Three characters: Elisabeta Daucs, B.P.Hasdeu's mother, in 1836; B.P.Hasdeu in 1874; Iulia Hasdeu, the wife, after the painting made by Diogène Maillart.
- Iulia Faliciu-Hasdeu, profile from her youth
- B.P.Hasdeu, phototype
- B.P.Hasdeu six days before his death (August 19, 1907). Photographed by Aspazia Iesanu from Bucovine
- B.P.Hasdeu at his desk
- B.P.Hasdeu in the coffin
- Short story written by Alexandru Hasdeu (scholar's father), with a foreword by Iosif Vulcan
- The blazon of the ruler Stefan Petriceicu
- Iulia Faliciu-Hasdeu, prophile from her youth
- Mrs. Iulia Hasdeu and the wife of doctor C.I. Istrati
- B.P.Hasdeu's wife, on the terrace of Julia Hasdeu Castle
- B.P.Hasdeu and his wife on the terrace of Julia Hasdeu Castle (after 1900)
- Iulia Hasdeu, the scholar's wife, on the terrace of Julia Hasdeu's Castle

 

B-dul Carol I nr. 199,
Cod postal 105600
TEL: 0244 335.599
FAX: 0244 335.599
office@muzeulhasdeu.ro
  Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu

          B.P. Hasdeu was born on February 26, 1838, in Cristinestii Hotinului (Hotin is located in Basarabia, nowadays belonging to Ukraine). He spent his childhood there, and afterwards he accompanied his father to Podolia, attending the elementary school in various Polish schools. Starting with 1850, he went to high school in Chisinau. In the university environment from Harkov, Bogdan became a famous character, admired for his intelligence and memory, especially for the easiness in learning foreign languages.

          He attended the Faculty of Law, but he was attracted to literature and to the historical-philosophical field. His efforts as an autodidact demonstrated the diversity of the concerns that made up his comprehensive activity as a savant throughout his all life.

          He didn’t finish his university studies in Harkov. Once back, he enrolled in the Russian army. He took part, as a sub-lieutenant, in the Crimean War. Nevertheless, his independent temper made him leave the military force and even Basarabia, in order to establish in Romania.

          He arrived in Romania in 1856, the year of the Paris Treaty. He was appointed judge of Cahul, with the support of Nicolae Vogoride, a great state man, but he was dismissed shortly after, as he militated for the unification of Basarabia with the mother-country.

          He settled in Iasi, where he published, with many personal sacrifices, a few revues, such as: Romania (1858), Foae de storia romana/Paper of Romanian History (1859), Foita de istorie si literatura/Paper of History and Literature (1860), Din Moldova/From Moldavia (1862-1863) later turned into Lumina/Light.

          In September 1859, he donated 4.000 volumes from his private library to the Schools Library from Iasi, and became a conservative. In January 1860, he was appointed teacher of history, geography and statistics at the Technical School from Iasi, and two years later he became a history teacher at the upper classes of the National College. His temper made him get into conflict with his schoolmates and also with Titu Maiorescu, the principal of the college. After publishing the short story Duduca Mamuca, his adversaries sued him, accusing him of immorality. He was expelled from teaching and from his position at the library.

          Alexandru Odobescu, the ministry of religious affairs, appointed him, in 1863, a member in the History Commission, with the mission to research the monasteries’ heritage. B.P.Hasdeu settled in Bucharest. He contributed to the newspapers from the capital: the Romanian Athenaeum, Dacia, Public Instruction, Danube Star, coordinated by Mihail Kogalniceanu, The Past, Romania’s Tribune. In 1863, he founded the revue Aghiuta, continued with The Satyr, satirical publications that criticized certain aspects of society; therefore, both of them were prohibited.

          The year 1864 opened a new stage in Hasdeu’s scientific activity: he began to publish documents, commenting them from a historical and philological point of view. Romania’s historical archive was published in 1868, with important consequences upon the scholar’s destiny.

          Sent by Al. I. Cuza in a study voyage in Poland, in 1861, he made researches in the libraries and archives from Krakow and Lemberg (nowadays Lvov), gathering a huge collection of documents; an important part of them was published in the Historical Archive.

          In 1865, he married Iulia Faliciu, from Rosia Montana (Transylvania).

          He began a series of conferences at the Romanian Athenaeum, and in October, the same year, he opened a free course of History of Constitutional Law of Romanians.

          Between 1867 and 1871, Hasdeu was a liberal deputy of Bolgrad. His speeches from the Camera were also published in the “Official Gazette”.

          The publishing of the Romania’s Historical Archive opened a new path for him: he was appointed general manager of the State Archives (1876 – 1900) and member in the Permanent Council of Public Instruction.

          In 1868 he traveled in the West, with the purpose to research the libraries and archives, gathering important information for his scientific career and for his works. In April 1869, he edited a new periodical publication, Traian. The newspaper was prohibited in February 1870, for his independent attitude and for the attacks against monarchy. B.P. Hasdeu was arrested between 8 and 17 august 1870. Less than a month since Traian has disappeared, he published Traian’s Column, where he declared that he would continue the political line of the former one, with no modification. Little by little, the revue specialized in “people’s history, linguistics and psychology” and its apparition became monthly. A great part of his most important works was published there, until 1883. Many Romanian scientists and philologists contributed: Vasile Alecsandri, Mihail Kogalniceanu, Costache Negruzzi, Grigore Alexandrescu, Ion Creanga, Simion Florea Marian, Petre Ispirescu, Alexandru Odobescu, George Baritiu, Grigore Tocilescu, Aron Densusianu, Lazar Saineanu, Hugo Schuchardt, G. Vegezzi – Ruscalla, H. Wolzogen etc.

          He traveled to study in Budapest, where he discovered important documents regarding the Romanian history and culture. His travel continued in Belgrade, where he discovered a very old Bible text in Romanian. Later, he became a member of the Royal Academy of Serbia, and of the Imperial Academy of Science from Sankt Petersburg.

          He was often willing to hold courses free of charge, such as the course on the History of Architecture from the Faculty of Fine Arts.

          The publishing of the Critical History of Romanians (tome I) increased his scientific prestige and opened to him the university gates. He held his first course on October 14, 1874, which was a very important event for the Romanian scientific life. He demonstrated an amazing erudition in the Romania of those times, and also pedagogical qualities that ensured him a large audience. He was also a dean of the Faculty of Letters (1882 – 1885).

          In 1878, he took part in the Orientalists’ Congress in Florence, where he met the great Italian linguist G.I., who was his pen friend. In 1880, he visited London, and in 1882 he was sent to Paris, as an official delegate at the inauguration of the monument of Jules Michelet. His speech on that occasion was published in three newspapers from Paris. A few months later, he was elected a member of the Linguistic Society from Paris, at the proposal of the great linguists Michel Bréal and Abel Bergaigne.

          He was much appreciated abroad, enjoying the friendship and respect of great scholars, such as Th. Benfey, G.I. Ascoli, G. Curtius, Hugo Schuchardt, Angelo de Gubernatis. In 1895, he became a member of the Academy of Science from New York.

          His social and scientific position was solid enough to permit him to become a member of the Romanian Academy, in 1877. In 1880 and 1881, he was awarded the “Ion Heliade Radulescu” prize, for the second and third volumes of his work, Words from the Elders. Titu Maiorescu had to acknowledge his scientific merits and to admit that Hasdeu was the only one who could complete a history of the Romanian language. In 1884, the Romanian Academy assigned him the task to edit a Dictionary of Romanian Language. He dedicated fourteen years of his life to that dictionary, covering thousands of pages until he reached the word “barbat/man”. A monument of the Romanian language, the dictionary Magnum Etymologicum Romaniae was left unfinished, as the extensive “project” required a superhuman effort, and the Academy and the King were in a hurry to finish the work.

          B.P. Hasdeu was 49 years old when he accepted to be the manager of a scientific and literary magazine, “The New Revue” (1887-1895).

          Julia’s early death, in 1888, pushed him to meditate on death, which he perceived as a point where the “shapes” with no end began, bringing the spirit to perfection. In one of his testamentary thoughts, he noted that: “On the day when Julia Hasdeu died, her father died also. He could not live anymore. From his ancestors, he inherited three loves: his country, science and the woman. He concentrated all that was pure in those loves, their core, into his daughter, a great patriot, a great genius, a great woman; he became to him the prism of all his loves. When she died, the country-science-the woman, everything died to him”.

          His book, Sic Cogito (1892) expressed a “tragic, crepuscular vision”. Its chapters introduced the reader into the philosophical system of the scholar dominated by logic, where the echo of the old beliefs in Divinity can be felt.

          As in the case of many of his contemporaries, the pain led him towards spiritualism. Thus, he built in Campina, between 1894 and 1896, a temple–castle, ensuring everyone that the blueprints were suggested by his dead daughter. His intellectual rigor and straightforwardness excluded the hypothesis of a mystification. The fact is strange and required researches. He settled there together with his wife, in 1897.

          Loneliness was the main feature of his last years. On August 25, 1907, after a prolonged suffering, at 11.45 AM, he died in a little house behind the Castle. His body was buried in Bucharest, near Iulia – his wife, and Julia – his daughter. Only seven or eight persons led B.P. Hasdeu on his last way. It was a very hot, sad day, and the funeral cortege passed rapidly on the streets of Bucharest.

          “We have to admit” Mircea Eliade wrote, “that Hasdeu’s destiny wasn’t the happiest. That great writer must not only be read, but also assimilated.”

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